Academics and Curriculum
Behavior & Evidence-Based Instruction
Verbal Behavior is an element of Applied Behavior Analysis which is an evidence based science with over 60 years of peer-reviewed technologies. Verbal Behavior is often used to teach language to individuals with disabilities a systematic way to help the individual achieve functional communication with a variety of modalities (vocal, sign, PECS, etc). At Crossroads School the Verbal Behavior Milestone Assessment and Placement Program (VB-MAPP; http://www.marksundberg.com) is utilized to help guide the practice of the Board Certified Behavior Analyst in assessing, implementing and tracking of the student’s skill acquisition including language development. Each verbal operant is systematically taught and tracked to ensure that the student progressing as well as addressing an barriers that may impede language and skill acquisition. Often we see interfering behaviors that function as “language” for many students, these behaviors are often decreased by teaching language in a functional way. VB methodology not only works on developing communication skills, including receptive and expressive language across various environments (i.e., requesting, labeling, vocal imitation and conversational skills) but also includes working on gross and fine motor imitation, textual (writing) and listening (following instructions) skills, just to name a few.
Mand-requests (“I want ____)
Tact-labels (“This is a ____)
Echoic-repeating what was said
Interverbal- “fill in the blank” statements
Extinction- removing the reinforcement
Reinforcement-something that makes that behavior more likely to happen again
Errorless teaching- providing immediate assistance when teaching so the child does not practice errors
Interspersal- using easier tasks before and after a new or harder task to ensure the child is successful
Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)- BCBA’s tool to find out “why” the child is engaging in a behavior (wanted or unwanted)
Generalization-make sure the child is using skills in other places or with other people
Task Analysis-breaking down a more complex behavior into smaller pieces
Skill acquisition-learning something new
Behavioral momentum- way to get the ball rolling to help the child be more successful (rapid pace of instruction)
Crossroads school's curriculum is comprehensive and multifaceted focusing on the acquisition of the academic, social-emotional and communication skills necessary for students to become active, contributing members of their communities. All academic subjects are aligned to the New Jersey Student Learning Standards.
At Crossroads, our instructional programs are specifically tailored to each child based on initial and ongoing assessments while utilizing both one-to-one and small group settings; multisensory strategies, natural environment teaching, and the principles of applied behavior analysis. Some examples of our programs include Attainment Curriculum, Circles, Edmark Reading Program, SRA (Reading Mastery), Explode the Code, Handwriting Without Tears, and Touchmath. Students also receive instruction in art and physical education by properly certified teachers.
The preschool curriculum implemented at Crossroads School is aligned to the New Jersey Preschool Teaching and Learning Expectations: Standards of Quality. The goal of the curriculum is to prepare each child for the next developmentally appropriate step in his or her educational experience. The curriculum fosters a structured, nurturing environment in which each child is challenged to grow toward his or her potential. The curriculum also facilitates readiness skills while focusing on self-awareness, social competence, sensory processing, functional communication, self care and independence with an emphasis on generalization across school, home and community settings.
Crossroads School provides a rigorous and comprehensive curriculum focused on the development of cognitive, functional communication, sensory integration and social skills. Instructional programs are highly individualized and all academic subjects are aligned to the New Jersey Student Learning Standards.
All academic content is taught by certified special education teachers in both individual and small group settings using a variety of multi-sensory strategies. Examples of the instructional programs utilized at Crossroads include Reading Mastery, Edmark Reading Program, Explode the Code, Handwriting Without Tears, and TOUCHMATH. Students also receive instruction in art, physical education, and music by appropriately certified teachers.
Middle School Program
The goals of this program are to assist students in making a successful transition from primary instruction while building a solid foundation of the academic, communication, pre-vocational, social and adaptive skills needed for future employment and community integration.
Community Based Instruction
Each classroom participates in monthly trips into the community to such places as the local supermarket, firehouse, pet store, bowling alley, park or library. The goal of community based instruction is to improve the students’ ability to transition to new and unfamiliar places as well as provide them with opportunities to generalize skills learned in the classroom to functional and authentic settings.